Even After Repeal, HB2 Controversy Could Cost North Carolina – NBCNews.com

The newest “repeal and replace” generating controversy isn’t over Obamacare; it’s about North Carolina rolling back the so-called “bathroom bill” that has cost the state an estimated $4 billion since it was passed last year.

But LGBT advocates and legal watchdogs say the replacement is so similar that the repeal effectively is in name only, which could doom the state’s chances to woo back the companies and athletic organizations that left the state when the law was first passed.

The Republican-led legislature voted Thursday to implement what lawmakers called a compromise between their conservative body and new governor, Roy Cooper, a Democrat who secured victory last November, in part, by promising to roll back the requirement that transgender people use public restrooms that correspond to their birth gender.

Related: Who’s Satisfied by the ‘Bathroom Bill’ Repeal?

The state’s Chamber of Commerce offered support of the bill before the vote Thursday. “The North Carolina Chamber thanks House and Senate leadership and the Governor for coming together on a bipartisan basis to find a solution,” president and CEO Lew Ebert said in a statement.

Not Good Enough

Not all businesses were sold, though: Levi Strauss & Co. and Dow Chemical both tweeted their support for a repeal. Levi criticized the repeal-and-replace vote, and Dow re-tweeted statements from the Human Rights Campaign pushing for a full, “clean” repeal.

Groups that opposed the passage of HB2 sharply criticized the repeal-and-replace action, with Sarah Gillooly, Policy Director for the ACLU of North Carolina, labeling the replacement bill as a “backroom deal” in a statement. “The way to undo HB2’s profound damage to North Carolina and its people has always been a full, clean repeal, but this proposal would keep anti-LGBT provisions of the law in place,” she said.

Related: Tar Heel in Tatters as Businesses Flee From ‘Bathroom Bill’

“This so-called ‘deal’ is politics at its worst,” GLAAD president and CEO Sarah Kate Ellis said in a statement, calling the repeal-and-replace a “last minute idea” that was motivated more by the prospect of losing business than protecting residents’ rights.

For some parts of the state’s economy, a lot is riding on what happens next.

A Higher Price to Pay

The Associated Press earlier this week published an analysis showing that HB2 has cost the state $3.76 billion. It added up the anticipated economic impact of corporate expansion plans that were scrapped and events that were canceled.

Supporters of HB2 dismissed the AP’s calculations, but in reality, the true total might be even greater. “This is likely to be a lower-level estimate because it does not include losses from businesses who have not even considered expanding in NC due to HB2,” said Michael Walden, an economics professor at North Carolina State University.

Walden said the overall impact on the state’s economy was relatively small, although certain sectors bore an outsized portion of the impact.

“Our economy was definitely impacted, both on the business recruitment and expansion side of things, but also tourism,” said Richard Beard, legislative chair of commercial real estate association NAIOP’s North Carolina Piedmont Triad Chapter.

Beard said commercial development, especially in the office markets of cities like Charlotte and Raleigh, was affected by HB2. “I think the controversy of the bill and the publicity it was getting, these companies — they don’t want to get into the political crossfire of the issue,” he said.

UCLA School of Law’s Williams Institute, which researches sexual orientation and gender identity, calculated that HB2 cost North Carolina $5 billion in federal funding and business investment alone.

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